Installing Trixbox(Asterisk) on an ESXi server

Install stage:
1. Download the Trixbox ISO. This will probably take ~1 hour.
2. Create a new virtual machine in ESXi with the following options

  • Typical
  • Linux other 32-bit
  • 1024 for memory
  • 10gb disk
  • 3. Follow this blog to mount the ISO as a virtual Cd-rom. https://itsupportconsulting.com/blog/?p=366
    4. Power on the virtual machine

  • Push at the main screen
  • I’m getting an error saying
  • The Trixbox CD was not found in any of your CDROM drives. Please insert the Trixbox CD and press OK to retry.

  • I’m going to try re-uploading the ISO to my ESXi server.
  • This did not work

  • Going to try and re-download the ISO then re-upload it to ESXi
  • Well I could not get this problem resolved so I’m just going to download the Trixbox Vmware appliance. It is 2.6.1 as opposed to 2.6.2 but you can always upgrade after the install. Here is the link.
    1. Ok the first step here I’m going to use vCenter converter to import this virtual appliance into my ESXi server.
    2. Converting is very simple once the program is installed click on the “Convert Machine” button which will bring up this window.
    1
    3. What you want to do is browse to the file we downloaded in the previous step after it is unzipped. trixbox 2.6.1-vmware.vmx
    4. Once you click next it will ask you to supply your login to your ESXi server.
    5. The next step allows you to rename your VM to whatever you want and select your data store.
    6. The next step allows you to change your hardware settings for the virtual machine. I’m going to change two settings here:
    Change to a 10gb disk

  • Change the memory from 512 to 1024
  • 7. Once you click next you are ready to start your conversion. Now keep one thing in mind. This converter has to upload the large file we downloaded to the server. So if you are on a time crunch and are on wireless make sure you hardwire and disable your wireless. This will ensure you save the most time.
    Configuration phase:
    1. Ok now that we have the virtual machine install make sure it is powered on. It uses DHCP so you need to figure out what IP address it got. This can be accomplished by logging in to the Trixbox console with username root and password trixbox. Once you get the # type in ifconfig. This will display the IP.
    2. This is going to be a server so we will want to configure a static IP or else it will be getting using DHCP which could cause all types of problems down the road.

  • vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0
  • DEVICE=eth0
    ONBOOT=yes
    BOOTPROTO=none
    BROADCAST=192.168.2.255
    IPADDR=192.168.2.3
    NETMASK=255.255.255.0
    NETWORK=192.168.2.0
    now press esc and :wq to save changes and quit

  • vi /etc/resolv.conf
  • nameserver 68.2.16.30
    nameserver 68.2.16.25
    now press and :wq to save changes and quit
    The next step I recommend is opening your Trixbox server from a web browser:
    http://192.168.2.5/maint
    Click on the packages link at the top so we can update our software to the latest version. When I clicked on mine i received the following error:
    Error: The xml response that was returned from the server is invalid. Received:
    alert
    To fix it I was able to type the following from the command line:
    vi /etc/service.php
    From here find the section below and change
    max_execution_time = 300
    memory_limit = 256
    This may not work for you but it did resolve my problem.
    commands
    Once you changed this type the following to restart the http daemon:
    service httpd restart
    Now I am able to successfully open:
    http://192.168.2.5/maint/index.php?packages
    From here I’m going to go down and check every box in the “upgrade” column this way all of my software installed on the server is up to date.
    While trying to install a couple of the updates I’m receiving the following error:
    Error: Missing Dependency: libtds.so.5 is needed by package asterisk
    To fix it:
    yum install libtds.so.5
    Ok now that everything is downloaded and installed I’m going to configure some SIP trunks. I personally use Broadvoice for terminating my voice lines. However, there are tons of service providers out there. Here are my steps.
    Open internet browser to http:///admin
    First thing I’m going to do is edit the trunks
    480+NXXXXXX
    9|1480NXXXXXX
    9|1602NXXXXXX
    9|1623NXXXXXX
    602NXXXXXX
    480NXXXXXX
    623NXXXXXX
    1480NXXXXXX
    1602NXXXXXX
    1623NXXXXXX
    1NXXNXXXXXX
    NXXNXXXXXX
    01130.
    01131.
    01132.
    01133.
    01134.
    011351.
    011352.
    011354.
    011358.
    01139.
    01141.
    011423.
    01143.
    01144.
    01145.
    01146.
    01147.
    01149.
    01152.
    01.
    For trunk name you can put whatever you want
    For peer details I’m using the following:
    username=<em>
    </em>
    user=phone
    type=peer
    secret=<em>
    </em>
    nat=yes
    insecure=very
    host=sip.broadvoice.com
    fromuser=<em>
    </em>
    fromdomain=sip.broadvoice.com
    dtmfmode=inband
    dtmf=inband
    context=from-pstn
    canreinvite=no
    authname=<em>
    </em>
    For user context I’m using the following sip.broadvoice.com
    For user details I’m using:
    username=<em>
    </em>
    user=<em>
    </em>
    type=user
    secret=<em>
    </em>
    nat=never
    insecure=very
    host=sip.broadvoice.com
    fromdomain=sip.broadvoice.com
    dtmfmode=rfc2833
    dtmf=rfc2833
    context=from-pstn
    Register string:
    <em>
    </em>@sip.broadvoice.com:<em>
    </em>:<em>
    </em>@sip.broadvoice.com/<em>
    </em>
    Click submit changes.

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