How to configure Netgear ReadyNAS to have a Godaddy or 3rd party SSL certificate

Use SSH to login to your device:
Username will be root, password will be the same as the admin password.
type in the following commands:
cd /etc/ssl	-changes your directory
openssl genrsa -des3 -out private/ReadyNAS_caCert.pem 2048	-Choose a pass phrase, I did not have to enter in this pass phrase anywhere else.
openssl rsa -in private/ReadyNAS_caCert.pem -out private/ReadyNAS_caCertwithoutPW.pem	-Choose a pass phrase, I did not have to enter in this pass phrase anywhere else.
openssl req -new -key private/ReadyNAS_caCertwithoutPW.pem -out ReadyNASReq.pem	-This will start a process of asking you questions to create your CSR that you will need to provide your SSL certificate provider. Please fill out to the best of your abilities.
Use WinSCP to login to your device:
File protocol - SFTP
Username will be root and the password will be the same as the admin password again.
Once you are logged in navigate to /etc/ssl
Open ReadyNASReq.pem in notepad, copy and paste contents of this file into certificate request for your SSL provider (GoDaddy).
Depending on your provider you should be able to download your certificate as soon as within 5 minutes. Please download the certificate for Apache servers, this will give you a zip file. Extract the files and open the file that does NOT include "bundle" in the name and copy the contents to your clipboard.
Using WinSCP create a file named ReadyNASCert.pem in the Netgear ReadyNAS /etc/ssl directory, open it with notepad and paste the contents we copied in the previous step, save and close the ReadyNASCert.pem file.
In WinSCP navigate to /etc/frontview/apache and open the apache2.pem file in notepad
Navigate to /etc/ssl/private and open the ReadyNAS_caCertwithoutPW file and copy the contents. Paste them into the apache2.pem file.
Navigate to /etc/ssl and open the ReadyNAS.pem file in notepad and copy its contents and paste them into this same apache2.pem file, save and close apache2.pem file.
Here is a sample of what your apache2.pem file should look like when you are finished:

How to create a self-signed certificate in Exchange 2010

Very simple
Open Exchange Shell New-ExchangeCertificate

Data Encryption

Computers give us a remarkable amount of convenience. With one machine, we can send mail and pictures to friends, go shopping, pay bills, make appointments and confirm any number of different pieces of information in our lives. But all of this convenience can be horribly misused in the case of computer hacks and information exploits. With identity theft as a big worry these days, some home users are turning to data encryption as a way to protect important documents. Data encryption is a way to keep files and folders safe from unauthorized access and there are several free options out there for the home user. There are several tips that the average pc user can use to decide which program to choose when deciding on a data encryption option.
Ease of use – is the program or hardware simple to use? Most people don’t have a great deal of time to learn to use new software, or to spend hours installing and configuring new hardware.
Functionality – not all data encryption programs are created equally. Some will encrypt files and folders on your computer, while others will encrypt an entire data drive. Still others encrypt email and chat conversations for increased privacy and security. Look carefully to decide which of these options best fits your requirements.
Portability – if you have a lot of data on USB flash drives or portable hard drives, portable data encryption is an ideal solution to ensure that your data that travels remains secure.
Price – pricing for data encryption varies widely. Some options are free, while others may cost as much as a few hundred dollars to implement. Compare functionality and easy of use carefully before deciding to shell out big bucks for that shiny new encryption choice.
With the myriad of data encryption options currently available, even the private home user can take steps to protect vital information. Given all that we use our computers for, and all of the data we transmit day in and day out, data encryption for home users just makes sense.

Is your Wireless Network Secure

Networking professionals are encouraging people to think
twice about wireless network security. You might be
thinking I use WEP-128 bit encryption with MAC address
filtering, I’m safe. Or you may be you’ve never even heard
of WEP, if this is the case you might want to unplug your
wireless access point immediately. But then again look at
the bright side at least you don’t have the false sense of
security that your network is secure. Perhaps you are the
smart guy who knows how insecure wireless networks are. You
too are at just an equal risk!
Your computer consultant might be partially right when they
say WEP will protect your network. It will protect your
network from casual snooping but that is about it. Last
year the FBI was able to crack a WEP protected network in
less than 3 minutes with tools widely available on the
internet. Since then it’s been downhill for WEP.
At this point you might be thinking, “Oh well, someone gets
on my network and uses the internet”. This is completely
false. If someone has gone through the process of getting
on your network chances are the only thing they want is not
internet access. Any computer security professional will
tell you that physical access to the network is 95% of the
security battle. Once this has been accomplished you can
consider all of your data compromised. Customer invoices,
customer data, credit card numbers and passwords to
financial institutions will all be in the hands of a hacker.
One in many methods can be used to gain access to your
personal data, whether it’s through Key loggers, Trojans, or
just by sniffing your plaintext network traffic.
Maybe, just maybe, I have not convinced you of the
insecurities of wireless networks. Let me tell you about
another attack that hackers can use to gain access to your
network. Let’s say your access points are completely locked
down, to your knowledge. A user from your network goes and
flips on their laptop while sitting in an airport terminal
waiting for a plane. They see an available insecure
wireless network so they click on it and connect. None of us
have ever done this before right, itching to check their
email one last time before heading out of town? Unbeknownst
to them they have just clicked on a fake honeypot wireless
network, set up by a rogue hacker that before they can even
realize their machine is already being scanned. Picture for
a moment that user could be anywhere, even sitting at a desk
in your network. Just as long as the rogue access point is
stronger than your AP’s radio signal you’re security is
May be you fall into the category of never setting up
wireless networks because you read about their insecurities.
How then can you be at risk? Just consider for a moment
that a user in your organization fires up his wireless card.
See’s a wireless network that is named XYZCorp after your
company. So they connect to it and immediately a script is
hammering their machine for security vulnerabilities. Once
again they connected to a rogue access point setup by a
hacker. Now you might be thinking. “C’mon you must have to
be a computer genius to find and run these tools.” Think
again, thanks to the kind people over at
all these tools can be downloaded in one big happy ISO file.
Burned to a CD as an image and bang you’re done, ready to
take a drive to the nearest business and start sniffing
credit card numbers. Everything wrapped into a nice package
just waiting for the next script kiddy to start running the
programs. You may be thinking ok this is a major problem so
what should I do? Give up my organizations ability to use
wireless networks? This isn’t exactly what we are saying.
A newer wireless security technology has taken over in 2004
called WPA. It is more secure than WEP. And so far tools
are not as readily available to hack your network. But
consider the following. WEP was ratified in the late 1990’s
less than six years later it was exploited. This is typical
of almost every computer technology. It is only a matter of
time before technologies are exploited. Just always
remember Security is a multi-tiered companywide
responsibility. From providing physical security to web
site security all matters should be considered serious and
not taken lightly. So before you grab a wireless access
point and slap it in your network, I urge you to think
You may think you are in a sinking boat because you are a
small organization not able to implement the latest
technologies and afford the newest access points. Or maybe
you cannot afford to pay an IT staff over 100k-200k a year
to maintain your medium size network. Executives at
Network Solutions say you should consider IT outsourcing or
IT consulting. You can get Industry certified engineers on
a project by project basis. Contractual relationships are
also available to dump the responsibility of your network
into their hands for a fraction of the price. To keep your
small to medium size network performing like a Fortune 500
machine invest the capital and secure your assets.